Questions On The Mind Body Relationship

1673 Words7 Pages
The ongoing philosophical debate of the mind-body relationship has been ongoing far back into the time of ancient philosophical thought; it can be seen in the works of the likes of Plato, and searches for the answers to a series of questions: What is the relationship between the body and the mind? Are they one in the same, or are they two different things entirely? If they are separate, what is the matter that ties them together? How does consciousness emerge from this? Do we possess an innate ‘soul’ or are we merely composed of a ‘machine’ body? This essay will argue that the answer to this question in support of the ideology of type Physicalism, or type identity theory, proposed by Ullin Place, Herbert Feigl and John Smart. Firstly, this essay will outline the key components of type identity theory, and the reasoning which allows it to explain the relationship between the mind and body, along with the separate theories of Place, Feigl and Smart, as well as the claims put forth by David Armstrong. Secondly, the essay will respond to Hilary Putnam’s claims in regards to the multiple realizations of mental states, by asserting that while mental events can be seen as being multiply realizable, this does not falsify type identity. Thirdly, this essay will discuss the Mary’s room experiment, and provide a critique of its relation to Physicalism. There are two differing forms of type-identity theory, that developed by Ullin Place, which places the relation between events as one
Open Document