Questions for Ap Us History

3870 Words Sep 7th, 2013 16 Pages
ADVANCED PLACEMENT UNITED STATES HISTORY SUMMER 2013 READING ASSIGNMENT
CHAPTER 1: "Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress" (pp. 1-11)
1. According to Zinn, what is his main purpose for writing A People's History of the United States?
To tell history from the viewpoint of the victims and not overlooking what the country has done to become what they are today. It includes the cruelty and hardships the people had to go through.
2. What is Zinn's thesis for pages 1-11?
He will be as blunt as he can to show what history has hidden from people. To tell history from the victim's point of view, thus the title, a people's history.
3. According to Zinn, how is Columbus portrayed in traditional history books?
He is portrayed as a hero for
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5. According to Roger Williams, how did the English usually justify their attacks on the Indians?
They usually come up with an excuse that said that they were defending themselves.
6. What ultimately happened to the estimated 10 million Indians living in North America at the time of Columbus' arrival?
It was reduced to less than a million.
7. Evaluate the statement: "If there are sacrifices to be made for human progress, it is not essential to hold to the principle that those to be sacrificed must make the decision themselves?"
The people who are being sacrificed for human progress should be the ones to make the decisions themselves. How would they feel about it? Is it okay for them to die for something that they don't think is necessary? Do they think it is necessary? If I ask a random stranger or a child to die for human progress, they would outright refuse. However cruel it is, these hardships are justified because it was for human progress.
8. How does Zinn attempt to prove that the Indians were not inferior? Provide examples.
He didn't want call them Indians, since it was the name that the conquerors has given them, namely Columbus. But then he states how amazing it was for them to migrate thousands of miles from Asia to America, creating hundreds of different cultures, and two thousand languages. Then he stated how they perfected the art of agriculture, cultivating corn, and develop variety of vegetables, fruits, and create peanuts, chocolate,

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