Quota Based Immigration Essay

4339 WordsMay 22, 200918 Pages
Patricia Tanona International Economics Final Term Paper The United States’ quota based immigration system weakens the country’s ability to sustain its position in the increasingly competitive global economy. Although the United States has a substantial flexible labor market, huge international corporations and some of the best universities in the world, it faces great competition in the global labor market. With the increasing economic opportunities available in industrialized countries and the continually expanding economies of India and China the US needs to update its immigration policies to remain strong globally. Immigration in the United States has been an assortment of changing policies in an attempt to accommodate the…show more content…
The L visa was divided into two categories: L-1A and L-1B. 1976-1976 was a crucial year in the history of H-1B. The Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1976 increased the total number of visas allocated specifically to employment-based immigrants and their family members from 34,000 to 58,000. The Association of American Universities succeeded in slipping in a clause into Title 8 of the U.S. Code that removed universities from the uniform labor certification requirements. This precursor to H-1B exempted colleges and universities from the standard labor certification requirements. It also declared universities as having perpetual labor shortages. 1986-The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 changed the name of the H-2 program to the H-2A program, and incorporated many of the regulations used to administer the program into law. This bill allowed Mexicans to move out of agricultural labor in hopes of reducing illegal immigration but that failed. Despite a detailed law and regulations, there is as much litigation over the H-2A program as all other temporary foreign worker programs combined, with lawyers representing workers suing to discourage the program's use and expansion, and attorneys for farmers suing to make it easier to obtain farm workers through the program. The AFL-CIO supported IRCA. The union called for the careful
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