ROMANS 9:6-13 Essay

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THEOLOGICAL CENTRE FOR ASIA

ROMANS 9:6-13

AN EXEGETICAL PAPER SUBMITTED TO
DR CHUL WOO LEE
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF
THE REQUIREMENTS OF
BNT524 CONTEMPORARY HERMENEUTICS

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION     1
OVERVIEW OF ROMANS 9-11     1
TRANSLATION OF ROMANS 9:6-13     3
INNER TEXTURE     4
Repetitive Texture and Pattern     4
Opening-Middle-Closing Texture and Pattern     6
INTERTEXTURE     7
Oral-Scribal Intertexture     7
Social
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If this section is missing, there would be a hiatus leaving us with unanswered questions and the corresponding perplexity.
Chapters 9 to 11 comprise of “a carefully composed and rounded unit with a clear beginning (9:1-5) and end (11:33-36).” Paul begins on a personal note, expressing his concern for his own people. He is fraught over their condition.
Next, he gives a positive assertion: “it is not as though the word of God has failed” (9:6). This states a possible implication from what Paul had written in verses 1-5. Paul, who has written so stridently on the justification of sinners, now turns to write on the justification (vindication) of God himself (cf. 3:3, 4). He reminds them that the God is free and sovereign in what he does.
In chapter 10, he turns the discussion to the Jews’ mistake in trying to establish their own righteousness before God in terms of meritorious obedience to the law instead of responding to the gospel of Christ by faith. God had not set Israel aside arbitrarily.
In chapter 11, Paul writes about Israel’s rejection being not complete, for there was a believing remnant and a mass conversion of Israel will occur. In addition, during this temporary rejection, God continues his work of grace by saving many Gentiles. The figure of the olive tree emphasizes that Gentile salvation is dependent on Israel’s covenant relationship to God. Gentiles have to be grafted into the olive tree