Race And Ethnicity : Biological And Sociological Factors

980 Words Jun 5th, 2016 4 Pages
Race and Ethnicity both relate to biological and sociological factors respectively, and even though they can overlap, they are distinct. The term race refers to the concept of dividing people into populations or groups on the basis of various sets of physical characteristics (which usually result from genetic ancestry). Race presumes shared biological or genetic traits, whether actual or asserted and the category to which others assign individuals on the basis of physical characteristics. Races are assumed to be distinguished by skin color, eye color or hair type. However, the scientific studies based on racial distinctions show that racial genetic differences are very weak except in skin color (National Association of Social Workers, 2015). Ethnicity, however, refers to cultural factors including nationality, regional culture, ancestry, heritage, religion, customs and language. It refers to the origin of one 's ancestors for example Black or African-American originated in Africa, White or Caucasian originated in European countries, Asian originated in Asia; Hispanic originated in Latin American and so on. An ethnic group or ethnicity is a population group whose members identify with each other on the basis of common nationality or shared cultural traditions so one has to conform to certain practices in order to be considered as belonging to a certain ethnic group. Ethnic identity is reflective of cultural practices as well as the acquisition and maintenance of…
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