Both race and ethnicity are both socially constructed and are a cultural category instead of a biological reality. Race and ethnicity are contrasts between people that we perceive. Race is nearly impossible to exactly define someone as white or black because people are so many different shades of color which makes everyone unique. Ethnicity is socially constructed because the boundaries that make someone a particular ethnicity are fairly flexible. Both of these concepts are used to describe differences between humans and ways that people are identified in society.
Race and Ethnicity – Race is a concept used to differ population groups on the basis of physical characteristics. Races used by the government for statistical purposes are Alaskan Native, American Indian, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black, White, and Unknown. Ethnicity is a concept used to differ population on the basis of cultural characteristics or geographical origins. Ethnic designations used by the government for statistical purposes are of a Hispanic origin o nor of Hispanic origin, and Unknown.
Race and ethnicity have always been a difficult topic to talk about, but not because I am embarrassed, but because to this date I’m still confused. Most of the time I find myself confused and asking questions such as, who am I? Where do I belong?
The difference between ethnicity and race is that race is supposedly a scientific difference between groups of people. Race subdivides groups of people by a physical or genetic characteristic. Ethnicity, on the other hand, considers cultural traits. Race is a flawed term, because there is more variation within a racial group than between racial groups. Ethnicity, is a true term, because there are distinct cultural groups within groups of humans. Although there is a lot of mixing and melding of cultural groups, it is still easy to find distinct groups.
I would like to focus my response to the reading in Gabbidon & Greene, Chapter 1, generally around the idea of social construction. Furthermore, I would like to specially provide responses to discussion questions number one and two as posed in the conclusion of chapter one. Discussion question number one asks to “Explain the origin of race and its implications for race and crime.” Discussion question number two asks “Do you believe there are distinct races?” I will also provide perspective on issues surrounding the term “minorities”.
Many individuals see race and ethnicity as meaning the same thing but in reality they are separate and both have their own distinct identities. Race refers to the biological traits like our physical appearance, eye color, skin color and characteristics set by society that we identify with. Ethnicity on the other hand, is the culture, language, and
Sociologists say race is a social construct, which is the way society can view a group, and their perception of the group. Race is a big example of this, as people could have the same genetic make-up, but be different races. Two people can have the same eye color, and even common DNA through blood. If two brothers had kids, one with someone of Asian descent, and the other brother having a child with someone of Native American descent, the kids who are cousins, are made up of different races. Race is more socially agreed upon, than being of a biological nature. A prime example of this, is most people will same someone is Asian, but they can be descendent of ant country in Asia, while being categorized as Asian. When we look at people from Europe,
Even though race is often confused with something having to do with biology it is not, instead race is a cultural construction. People commonly use biology to try and determine the race of another person by using physical characteristics and skin color to put them in a racial classification. Assigning race based on physical characteristics is problematic since traits vary independently they are not inherited as some sort of genetic package based on the race a person is. Therefore using biological concepts to explain race is problematic since society is the one who defines what race is and because those definitions change race is a cultural construct.
In a world full of unique people there are groups that different people identify with based on traditions, values, beliefs and other factors. A person identifies with a culture based on the beliefs, traditions, values, and worldviews of the culture. Ethnicity is a specific type of culture group that people identify with based on identity, norms and to an extent physical appearance. Rave is a group that is a social construct that people identify with usually associated with skin color or stereotypes. Since race is a social concept society places a person in a race even if it is not the race that the person identifies with. Unfortunately society has created ideas about people of particular races, this is why race part of race is stereotypes.
Does Race Truly Matter…” Respectively, race and ethnicity are related to biological and sociological factors. Ethnicity differs from race because ethnicity relates to cultural factors such as nationality, ancestry, beliefs, and languages. Race can be defined as a person’s physical appearance, such as skin or eye color. Culture is considered to be different from these two by referring to the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group.
Throughout my research, the one thing that I am certain of is that the term “race” is the most complex word in the world. To this day, many people are divided on whether “Race” is a real concept. “Race” has many definitions, but the way I believe most people define it in today’s society is “A group or set of people or things with a common feature or features.” Most people including myself confuse the word “Race” with Ethnicity. However, the two words are very different. The definition of Ethnicity is “the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.” The two words are distinguished from one another by their meanings. One of them represents outer appearances of populations and the other represents the cultural views of populations.
In evaluating Stephanie’s heritage it becomes apparent there are several salient factors that will initially shape her world view and ideas about counseling. The most significant factor will be her White heritage. As mentioned before, Stephanie growing up in a White family automatically affords her white privilege, even if she realizes it or not. This white privilege means that Stephanie may not be able to relate to minority groups and the struggles they face with discrimination and racism (Hays, Chang, & Dean, 2004).
Ethnicity is the “identity of a particular racial, national, or cultural group and observance of that group's customs, beliefs, [and] language” (Dictionary.com, n.d.). This definition beautifully points out that it’s a way a person identifies who they are in reference to a specific group. (Dictionary.com, n.d.). It’s also important to note the way individuals identify the race that they have chosen to be apart of. Race is “a group of people of common ancestry, distinguished from others by physical characteristics, such as hair type, colour of eyes and skin” (Dictionary.com, n.d.). Identity and race are fundamental factors that need to be taken into account when addressing a patient. These characteristics are not generic and will bring knowledge
James M. Henslin defines race as “a group of people with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group” (2014). Meanwhile, ethnicity “refers to cultural characteristics” (Henslin, 2014). The difference mostly relies in a similar argument to the classic nature versus nurture argument. Race is what a person genetically inherits. Whether it may be skin tone or anatomical features, they are dictated by something outside of a person’s personal preference. An example of race is that a person could be caucasian or latino. They do not get to choose, they are simply given the traits of that race through their bloodline.