Race, Tribalism, and Genocide in the Sudan

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Jpz777 03/11/2013 Order # 2087938 1.) How were "tribes" in the Sudan formed differently from the way "races" were constructed in the United States? As is the case with the vast majority of nations which were conquered and colonized by the British during their reign of global imperialism, the Sudanese people of Africa experienced a rapid restructuring of its age old cultural identity system. Located in the "Cradle of Civilization," a region straddling both the African continent and the Arab-speaking Middle East, Sudan has long been home to a diverse population that is representative of its many cultural influences, with Arab adherents of Islam living in relative stability alongside tribal bands of native peoples. Upon being co-opted as a British colony in the early 20th century to fuel a flailing textile industry, the fertile lands of Sudan were transformed into cotton plantations, thus beginning the insidious process of subjugating the Sudanese people through division and demarcation. The modern colonial scholar Mahmood Mamdani has observed that "British colonial governance was about identity formation … (because) the colonial political objective involved more than just redefining the relationship between colonial power and subject; it involved reshaping the very self-consciousness of the colonized, how they thought of themselves, their self-identity" (Mamdani, 2009), and this concept of ensuring obedience through the removal and reshaping of identity lies at the
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