Racial Conservatism, Race, Ethnicity, And National Origin

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Following the Second World War, the United States experienced a period of activism for the sake of providing basic human rights to whites and people of color alike until the early 1970s. This period was recognized as the Second Reconstruction, which primarily paved the way to end discrimination against African Americans and give them the freedom and equal rights whites had become entitled to as the country’s citizens. Due to the growing tension and unrest triggered by the segregation of people of color from white establishments, blacks and other minorities were cornered into a state where they had little choice but to seek ways to improve the treatment they receive. Daniel Martinez HoSang defined racial liberalism as the idea that the government would play an active role in ensuring the end of racial discrimination because it defied the “American Dream” of disregarding “religion, race, ethnicity, and national origin” when discussing the people’s rights (13). Therefore, the existence of racial liberalism arguably served as the catalyst that brought discriminatory and unequal issues on black people to the forefront of society. Racial liberalism essentially led to the Civil Rights Movement which advocated for the end of segregation and the subsequent Black Power movement which empowered blacks to take matters into their own hands in an act of self-determination. Despite the varying successes that marked the period, however, the consequences of the unpopular decisions of a

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