Racial Discrimination Effect on Labor Market Essay

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A number of factors such as age, gender, education level, and economic climate impact the rates of employment and average wages in the United States. Race and ethnicity are two additional characteristics, which –ostensibly – are not to be, considered in hiring and wage determination processes yet which continue to have tremendous effect on employment in this country. In an effort to better understand how these attributes contribute to the job climate, our term paper will examine the effects of ethnicity on wages and employment rates in the United States. The U.S. population is extremely diverse, including people of all racial and ethnic backgrounds such as Native Americans (mainly Whites), African Americans, Asian Americans and Hispanic…show more content…
Minorities belonging to these groups have historically experienced difficulty being promoted to leadership or managerial positions, and have experienced high unemployment rates as a whole.
While less recognized, reverse racial discrimination has also been reported in recent years, involving situations in which Whites complained of being racially discriminated against. As Affirmative Action and other initiatives sought to level the playing field and more equally represent racial minority groups in the job market, Whites began to feel as though their skin color was preventing employment. Affirmative Action, for example, resulted in a number of vocal Whites protesting that jobs were given to applicants belonging to the minority group even when White applicants possessed more qualifications. Interestingly, this directly mirrors the discrimination reported by non-Whites throughout the ages.
The laws and movements against racial discrimination
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal for an employer to discriminate against an individual based on race, color, religion and sex. The Act also resulted in the formation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) that sought to enforce laws preventing racial discrimination (Algernon). While the Civil Rights Act brought tremendous change to the face of the U.S. labor market, the spirit of the Act has yet to be fully realized and minority groups still experience discrimination in employment,
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