Racial Segregation And The Educational Institution

964 Words Jul 29th, 2015 4 Pages
The American educational institution is one that individuals of every race, gender, and background experience while growing up. Since social class is determined in large part by education, the effects of education carry forward into the rest of each person’s life even after they’ve long left the institution itself (Roy, lecture 10). In his lecture on the institution, Professor Roy adds that education allows for a path to social mobility while also reproducing inequalities. This paradox can be seen in both race and gender – albeit in varying degrees. Race is a perpetuated inequality in the educational institution because of deeply rooted class boundaries (Roy, lecture 10). Even without legal segregation in schools, spatial segregation is a structural problem in American society that continues to perpetuate unequal opportunities in a vicious cycle (Massey & Denton 5). Gender, which at one point faced great inequalities, no longer deals with the same perpetuated problems in education because it separated itself from early institutional ties to government and religion. In modern America, class and racial equality has room to make the same strides in the educational institution that gender equality has had in the past centuries. One way to see inequality is through capital. Education creates three types of capital: human, cultural, and social (Roy, lecture 10). Professor Roy explains that human capital is knowledge, cultural capital consists of a “hidden curriculum” like…
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