Racial Segregation And The Us Education System

1463 Words Dec 13th, 2016 6 Pages
Students of color in the United States struggle to access higher education, as a result of institutional racism and discrimination. This is troubling because college education is considered a way to increase opportunity and chances of success with finding employment and earning a high salary. This disparity can be attributed to the history of racial segregation in the US education system, which has produced differences of opportunity between students of color and white students (Chaisson 2004). It is difficult for students of color in higher education; specifically those who attend predominantly white institutions (PWI’s), because they must confront systemic racism at these institutions as well as in the larger US society. How can we combat these disparities? Is equal opportunity and equality in higher education is the answer? Seemingly this would be the solution, but Brower (2004) argues that it is not enough to have legal equal access to education because, “for those entering college, 56 percent of black Americans, compared to 36 percent of white Americans, never graduate.” (pg. 96). Although this statistic directly focuses on African American college populations, it has implications for all students of color. This begs the question, what makes students of color and white students so different? Based on the sociohistorical context of higher education in the US, the variable that changes the success of a college student and their likelihood to graduate is race.
Studies have…
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