Racism And Racism Essay

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Is it racism or economics which hinders many African American communities from progressing economically in the 21st Century? This research proposal will address this question by examining the social and psychological impact caused by racism and the economic impact it’s had on the African American community. This proposal will further investigate whether the emotional scars of slavery continue to hamper African American progress or if racism is actually the cause. The economic cost of discrimination against African Americans has many sides, which are interconnected with the effects of social discrimination and racism. According to Michael Reigh, a professor of economics and director of the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment…show more content…
In their estimation, the process of racial formation takes place in two steps: through racial projects and the evolution of hegemony. This process is accomplished by “historically situated “projects” in which human bodies and social structures are represented and organized” (p. 56). The term “projects,” refers to a representation of race that situates it in social structure. A racial project can take the form of common sense assumptions about whether or not race is significant in today’s society. Omi and Winant see the process of racial formation as directly and deeply connected to how “society is organized and ruled” (p.56). In this sense, race and the process of racial formation have important political and economic implications. Racism is an ideology that is based on the principle that human beings can be subdivided and ranked into categories as being inferior or superior. It’s worth mentioning that in recent years the concept or notion of racism has changed. Racism in the post-racial twenty-first century is now marked by subtlety that discriminates against individuals through unnoticeable or seemingly passive methods. Although overt racism has decreased since the 1960s, it has been supplemented by what is called colorblind racism,” which refers to “contemporary racial inequality as the outcome of nonracial dynamics” (p. 455-456). The color-blind theory refers to racial neutrality. According to this view, the color of one’s skin does not

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