Racism And The Australian Human Rights Commission

1626 Words May 1st, 2016 7 Pages
Racism, wherever it occurs, has damaging effects. It can be defined as the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race (Oxford dictionary). It can occur on individual, internal,or institutional levels, and it can be either subtle or obvious (Jones,2000). Research confirms that racism is still prevalent in today’s society, in 2013 the Australian Human Rights Commission received a 59 per cent increase in complaints about racial hatred and vilification compared to the previous year. Racism can also affect physical health, life expectancy, and social cohesion. Evidence suggests that discrimination and racism are linked to a range of adverse health conditions, including poor mental health and wellbeing in children aged 1 to 15 years (Mitchell, 2014).

Maternal race is one of the most analysed, robust, and puzzling findings in the epidemiology of prematurity. It is believed that African-American women are two to three times more likely than white women to deliver preterm and this space appears to have been broadening in recent years, as rates of preterm birth decrease faster for white women than for black women. Many epidemiological studies have analysed whether this racial divergence in preterm and low birthweight rates can be explained by maternal age, education, lifestyle, and socio-economic position. Although, these factors explain only a small percentage of the racial…
Open Document