Racism : Racism And Racial Discrimination

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Racism is defined as a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human racial groups determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one 's own race is superior and has the right to dominate others or that a particular racial group is inferior to the others (Olsen, 2014) While most white Americans acknowledge that racism is a problem in the United States, white people are half as likely as black people to see it as a major problem. Three out of four white Americans say that racism is at least a "somewhat serious" national problem, compared to nearly nine out of ten black people, as displayed in Figure 1.1. (Moore, 2015) Furthermore, a majority of white respondents say that racism is not really an issue in their own community and don 't feel empowered to act upon it, despite recognizing it as a national problem. White people have the privilege of pretending that racism doesn’t exist, or is a relic of the past.
Aspects of psychology come into play to promote racial biases, too. Children exhibit a type of bias known as “in-group” bias, which basically means that we tend to prefer people who are members of groups we also belong to. Researchers have elicited strong in-group biases in children as young as 3 by assigning them to color-coded groups in their preschools; after a few weeks, the children said they preferred the other kids in their group more than kids outside their group and even preferentially chose toys that they
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