Radio Free Europe And Radio Liberty

2151 Words9 Pages
When Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty began operation the world was still struggling to recover from the devastation wrought by World War II, while relations between the United States and the Soviet Union had disintegrated to the point that a third global war appeared imminent. The Soviet Union’s wartime occupation of Eastern Europe had quickly transformed into an exercise in empire‐building, an empire that many feared would soon encompass the continents of Europe and Asia. American and European anxieties reached their climax when hundreds of thousands of Soviet‐trained and equipped North Korean troops invaded South Korea and routed the South’s defenses only days before Radio Free Europe’s first historic broadcast on July 4, 1950. This new organization had not had the time to establish itself before it was plunged into the front lines of the West’s battle against Soviet expansion. Through the promotion of Soviet written anti-regime literature as well as Western criticisms of Soviet policies, Radio Liberty, in conjunction with Radio Free Europe, had a significant impact on anti-Soviet activities within the Cold War USSR. Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty were, along with other Western broadcasters, effective instruments of Western policy during the Cold War. When the Truman administration planned the National Committee for Free Europe (NCFE) in 1948, radio broadcasting was not considered one of its primary missions. The NCFE was primarily envisioned as a device for
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