As the fact of death is a consensus of all the humankind, cemeteries and grave culture has existed throughout human history. Unlike the western culture, in Islamic philosophy the perception of death is liberation and according to Mevlana (Rumi), death is a Şeb-i Arus (wedding night) so this culture has been more advanced in Turkish History. The most obvious display of it is that tombs and graves were built in the form of spectacular architectural and artistic works.
That cemeteries take place inside or near the city centers show us that the perception of death for Turkish people is a part of life.
Belief of afterlife has helped developing this culture.
Gravestones are silent witnesses of our history. Our historical graveyards are open air museums and cultural heritages. The Turks always care to their gravestone tradition in history. They put some signs on graves not to be lost.
Gravestones that can show differences according to features of the period and region have emerged in almost every part of Anatolia since the beginning of the Turkish history.
For the art history, Gravestones that light on the Turkish cultural history are important assets because they are not only architectural stones, they also give us clues about the life before death and have symbolic wishes about eternity on them.
Rich traditions and creations about ram and sheep in Anatolia and Azerbaijan have influence on various beliefs, literature, music and