Random Acts Of Kindness, Altruistic And Prosocial Behavior

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Comparison Matrix Paper Random acts of kindness, altruistic and prosocial behavior can elaborate to being a hero. An elderly lady is standing in a grocery line fumbling through her bag to find the change needed to complete her transaction, yet she ends up empty handed. A young man behind here hesitates to ask if he could be of assistance, yet the heroic behavior would be to give her the amount needed to complete the transaction, a prosocial behavior. Prosocial behavior is any act performed with the goals of benefiting another person (Aronson, Wilson, & Akert, 2010). This comparison matrix paper will show the differences and similarities of the authors by comparing their introductions, the purpose of each study, their research questions, the literature reviews, the sample population, study limitations, results and conclusions, and suggested topics for future studies. Franco, Blau, and Zimbardo (2011) offer a straightforward definition of heroism as to act in a prosocial manner without a personal gain. They continue by explaining that only a few can reach heroic status and must be equipped with the proper skills or luck. Whereas, Harvey, Erdos, and Turnbull (2009) defines heroism in their article’s introduction as a man or woman of distinguished bravery, a person who is reverenced and put on a pedestal, or any famous person. These researchers find differences in opinions as to the definition of heroism. Franco et al. (2011) argues heroes work without capital gains; whereas,
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