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Rape As An Element Of The Crime Of Genocide Essay

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Firstly, the term rape is sometimes used interchangeably with the term sexual assault. The rate of reporting, prosecuting and convicting for rape varies between jurisdictions. Internationally, the incidence of rapes recorded by the police during 2008 ranged, per 100,000 people, from 0.2 in Azerbaijan to 92 .9 in Botswana with 6.3 in Lithuania as the median. (Nations, U. (n.d.). "Rape at the National Level, number of police recorded offenses". United Nations. Retrieved November 13, 2016.) Rape by strangers is usually less common than rape by persons the victim knows, and male-on-male and female-on-female prison rapes are common and may be the least reported forms of rape. Widespread and systematic rape and sexual slavery can occur during international conflict. These practices are crimes against humanity and war crimes. Rape is also recognized as an element of the crime of genocide when committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a targeted ethnic group. People who have been raped can be traumatized and develop posttraumatic stress disorder. (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Rape Survivors. (1995). Retrieved November 13, 2016, from http://survive.org.uk ) Serious injuries can result along with the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. A person may face violence or threats from the rapist, and, in some cultures, from the victim 's family and relatives. (Harter, P. (n.d.). Libya rape victims 'face honour killings. Retrieved November 14, 2016,
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