To consider this we need cost of goods sold; beginning and ending inventory. The higher the ratio or lower average days in inventory suggest that management is reducing the amount of inventory on relative to sales.
This ratio indicates whether it can respond to the current liabilities by using current assets. As many times, we can cover short-term obligations, as better for the company. This indicates that significant and high improvement in the liquidity. The increase in the current ratio 11.5 % will result in an increase in current assets where the current liabilities increased by 2.1%.
The inventory turnover ratio "measures the number of times on average the inventory sold during the period; computed by dividing cost of goods sold by the average inventory during the period" (Kimmel et al, 2007, p. 292). This indicates how quickly a company sells its goods and a high ratio "suggests that management is reducing the amount of inventory on hand, relative to sales" (Kimmel et al, 2007, p. 287).
The current ratio shows the level to which the rights of short-term creditors are covered by assets that are expected to be changed to cash in a period consistent to the maturity of the liabilities.
5. Inventory Turnover: This ratio is rendered by taking the cost of goods sold, for a time period, divided by average inventory. This shows how many times a firms inventory is sold and replaced during the period of time that it is calculated for.
Current ratio shows how well the company can pay off its short-term liability obligations. Short-term liabilities are debt due within the next year. Companies that have larger amounts of current assets are better able to pay off their current liabilities. The higher the ratio, the better able the company is to pay current obligations. A low ratio indicates the company is weighted down with current debt and the cash flow will suffer. The equation for current ratio
While financial ratio analysis does contain limitations that include little theory to guide them as well as the use of accounting data based on historical costs that may not reflect a firm’s true economic conditions, it is an excellent tool
A third activity ratio is the inventory turnover ratio, which indicates the effectiveness with which the company is employing inventory. Since inventory is recorded on the balance sheet at cost (not at its sales value), it is advisable to use cost of goods sold as the measure of activity. The inventory turnover figure is calculated by dividing cost of goods sold by inventory:
Another ratio we will look at is total asset turnover rate. Total asset turnover rate measures how efficiently a company uses its assets to generate sales. In 2001 the total asset turnover rate was 1.079 and in 2000 it was 1.193. The fixed asset turnover ratio is similar to the total asset turnover ratio but includes only fixed assets. The fixed asset turnover rate measures the capacity utilization and the quality of fixed assets and was 3.771 for 2001 and 3.854 for 2000.
Ratio analysis is generally used by the company to provide some information on how the company has performed during that year, so that the parties involved including shareholders, lenders, investors, government and other users could make some analysis before making any further decision towards that particular company. As mentioned by Gibson (1982a cited in British Accounting Review, 2002 pg. 290) where he believes that the use of ratio analysis is such an effective tool to evaluate the company’s finance, and to predict its future financial state. Ratios are simply divided in several categories; these are the profitability, liquidity, efficiency and gearing.
Current Ratio, also known as liquidity ratio and working capital ratio, shows the proportion of current assets of a business in relation to its current liabilities. ("Current Ratio | Formula | Example | Analysis | Industry Standards," n.d.) A ratio of 2 would indicate that current assets would cover current liabilities two times. In year 7, Competition Bikes had a ratio of 5.79. This reflects strength in the company with a strong position in current assets. In year 8, the ratio decreased slightly to 5.25 which is still well above the industry benchmark of 4.2 of from Two Wheel Racing.