Rationalism In The Age Of Enlightenment

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Rationalism champions, above all, reason; and advocates that “a class of truths exists that the intellect can grasp directly” (Blanshard, 2015). During 17th century or the “Age of Enlightenment”, key figures like Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza, sought through their own, distinct approaches, to examine “the relation between mind and body, the nature of substance, and the place of humanity in nature” (Cottingham, 1988). According to (Markie, 2013), rationalist philosophers’ work is in line with one or more of the following theses: the intuition/deduction thesis, the innate knowledge thesis, and the innate concept thesis. Pursuant to the intuition/deduction thesis, initial data or premises are linked with conclusions which are free of epistemic
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