Rationalism

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Rationalism In Plato’s Meno it begins with a debate between a fictional Socrates and Meno about whether virtue can be taught or if it is acquired in another way. Socrates begins to prove his point when he asks the slaves about the geometry question. When the slave answers the question, Socrates suggests to Meno that they inquire this together. Meno argues with his “Meno’s Paradox” that, “one logically cannot inquire productivity into what one does not already know” (Meno 58). Then Socrates continues to make Meno question his own beliefs when the slave recognizes the answer to geometrical problem. Socrates proceeds to confirm with the concept that the sole is immortal and the slave was “recollecting” knowledge that the soul already had.…show more content…
Descartes goes through valid and well thought-out arguments to come to find realizations. He concentrates on knowledge rather than action. In the Third Meditation, Descartes continues to introduce the idea that God is innate. Descartes introduces the role of God in the Third Meditation. He suggests that you can use your intuition, but you can’t use time or senses. Descartes uses the teleological argument to show innate things. It consists of teleological intuition which has two caused principles. One is that everything has a cause with at least as much reality as it has itself. The other principle is that everything with objective reality has a cause with formal reality. Objective realities are things like images and ideas, and formal reality is the kind of reality it has by virtue. There are infinite and finite substances which are both types of formal reality. Finite substances cause properties, but the properties depend on the finite substances for their existence, but infinite substances don’t depend on anything at all. There are certain standards the infinite and finite substances must have to have an idea of an idea mind such as, God. Through this argument, Descartes is trying to introduce the idea that God is innate. Descartes and Plato’s arguments all did come to the conclusion that knowledge was an innate. Both philosophers believe that you can come to realizations of the truth. Plato believes that you have the concept to begin with
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