Rawls ' Theory Of Justice

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Fundamentally, Rawls aims to present a conception of justice that serves the social contract theory more generally and abstractly than such social contract theories provided by Locke, Rousseau, and Kant. In contrast to Locke, Rousseau, and Kant, Rawls’ conception of justice does not provide a specific layout for the intricacies and structure of each social institution. His abstract concept of justness, however, provides the foundation from which a just institution must derive. Within Rawls’ theory of justice, he presents the theory of justice as fairness which aims to establish a just arrangement of the social, economic, and political facets of a liberal society. Rawls states that in order to create a fair society, the citizens should come to a mutual agreement of a sufficient concept of justice, which would only be feasible in the hypothetical situation of an Original Position. Within the Original Position, no social order would exist. Each person would exist without bias or knowledge of their own or anyone else’s social circumstances, whether regarding intellect, physical strength, relationships, class, or the like. The people would be capable of forming a conception of the good as well as developing the capacity to develop a sense of justice. Additionally, all persons are to be rational and mutually disinterested so that no one aims to benefit or disadvantage another person. In wanting to advance his own interests in the circumstance of facing choice, one would choose

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