Re-Unification of North and South Korea

3139 Words13 Pages
The history of Korea can be traced back thousands of years, with Korea having had many and varied master, both from within and outside Korea. Only in recent times though, has Korea been divided as a nation. During World War II, Korean independence fighters formed a Provisional Government is anticipation of the defeat of the Japanese Empire, but it was never implemented. Rather, the Korean Peninsula was divided at the 38th Parallel of latitude with the Russians forming a Communist regime to the North and the United States (U.S) creating a rightist pro-Washington government in South Korea, or the Republic of Korea (ROK). Ideological differences between the isolationist Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the North and the…show more content…
Furthermore, this scenario assumes that both governments will be able to alter ingrained attitudes and assumptions about each other and interim steps can be created and then satisfactorily implemented by all parties concerned. The Sunshine Policy was articulated in 1998, and while the policy has resulted in some political contact, it has produced little in the way of tangible results.

German unification came about as a ‘result of the collapse of communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe’ along with the dissolution of the Soviet Union (Verheven, 198: 17). This unification has prompted a second scenario where re-unification will occur as a result of a similar chain of events in North Korea. There is however, a fundamental difference in the unification of Germany and a possible re-unification of North and South Korea. In Germany, the people of East and West Germany were separated at the end of World War II in a similar fashion to Korea, but the people did not fight each other in a bitter and bloody war as was the case in Korea. Rivalries between the two Germanys were ‘largely as a result of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) – Warsaw Pact rivalry’ (Verheven, 1998: 29). Indeed, the two Germanys agreed to simultaneous recognition in 1972, thereby permitting ‘full diplomatic relations and a quasi-normal political relationship for nearly two decades before unification’
Get Access