Reaction Paper

675 Words3 Pages
When studying in the field of Sociology each person is going to approach topics in a different manner. Not everyone is going to have the exact same view on a particular subject. There are however, three major categories in which people might choose to approach topics. The approaches are known as sociological perspectives and are the functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives. These perspectives name other ways in which different people choose to analyze a subject, and how they look at a society as a whole. The following paragraphs compare and contrast the three, and identify major characteristics of each. The functionalist perspective is a sociological approach which emphasizes the way that parts of a society are structure…show more content…
The idea of conflict is not necessarily violent; it could just refer to disagreements that are worked out through a mediator. The conflict perspective sees society as being full of tension and struggle between groups. It also, like functionalist, analyzes society on the macro sociological level. As for the individual, they are perceived as being shaped by power and authority. Social order is viewed as being maintained not through cooperation, but through force. And social change is not predictable, but is constantly taking place. The conflict perspective's main idea is that there are competing interests between groups and social inequality exists. The interactionist perspective is a sociological approach which generalizes about fundamental or everyday forms of social interaction and focuses on the way that small group’s act, in order to understand society as a whole. Interactionists study people in their everyday behavior and how they react to their surroundings. The interactionist view of society is that we influence each other's everyday social interactions. In contrast to functionalist and conflict perspectives, the interactionist perspective studies society on a microsociological level. In other words they study on a small scale in order to understand the large scale. Interactionists believe that an individual creates their own social world through his or her interactions, and

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