Reaction Paper On Diuretics

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1.INTRODUCTION A Diuretic is any substance that promotes the production of urine. This includes forced diuresis. There are several categories of diuretics. All diuretics increase the excretion of water from bodies, although each class does so in a distinct way. Alternatively, an antidiuretic such as vasopressin, or antidiuretic hormone, is an agent or drug which reduces the excretion of water in urine.Diuretics increase the rate of urine flow and sodium excretion and are used to adjust the volume and/or composition of body fluids in a variety of clinical situations, including hypertension, heart failure, renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, and cirrhosis. By definition, diuretics are drugs that increase the rate of urine flow; however, clinically useful diuretics also increase the rate of excretion of Na+ (natriuresis) and of an accompanying anion, usually Cl-. NaCl in the body is the major determinant of extracellular fluid volume, and most clinical…show more content…
Consequently, the use of diuretics as antihypertensive agents has been relatively reduced, particularly since the newer drugs are associated with fewer adverse metabolic reactions. However, diuretics have a specific activity of removing sodium from the body fluid, thereby rendering the blood pressure insensitive to sodium intake, relieving the overload to systemic circulation, and normalizing the circadian rhythm of blood pressure from a non-dipper to a dipper pattern. At low doses, diuretics are known to be as effective as all other antihypertensive agents for reducing nearly all types of cardiovascular events. In this brief review, the indication for thiazide diuretics will be discussed based on the pathophysiology of hypertension and antihypertensive therapy with diuretics mainly from the point of view of sodium
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