My early reading experiences reflect the history that Vogt and Shearer (2011) describe in the first chapter of Reading Specialists and Literacy Coaches in the Real World. The basal reading programs of the 1970s and 1980s included “leveled readers, phonics activities, and a great deal of comprehension skill practice, usually found on the pages of the accompanying workbooks. The programs also included highly structured, detailed teacher’s guides, with different lesson plans for each of the three instructional groups” (Vogt & Shearer, 2011, p.13).
Early reading success is the foundation of a student’s knowledge and self-esteem. The foundation also provides future opportunities for growth. Students must learn to read proficiently so that they are able to learn more in future grades, post-secondary schools, and the workforce. Beverly Tyner’s Small-Group Reading Instruction: A Differentiated Teaching Model for Beginning and Struggling Readers states “In the United States, which offers few career opportunities for the illiterate, teaching children to read proficiently is the most important single task in education.” (Tyner, 2009). Beverly Tyner created the Small-Group Differentiated Reading Model which incorporates research-based strategies for teaching beginning reading skills and skills
Literacy Reform In every school across America, effective practices of reading instruction are being discussed. Calkins (2012) suggests that over 85% of students being tested on grade level literacy standards are non-proficient. Research suggests that students, who are unable to read proficiently by third grade, are not predicted to ever learn to read or have successful lives when they reach adulthood (Martinez, 2008). For these reasons, it is important that districts implement literacy models and instructional reforms that have been well researched and shown to be successful. The instructional reform method of Balanced Literacy is being used throughout the country to meet the challenging standards of the Common Core. Teachers will need
RTI/MTSS: Teacher Interview This is a very important component in education to be aware of and when you are a teacher. I interviewed a first-grade teacher at my local elementary school to gain more information about the processes that our local schools go through for professional training, interventions, and in the classroom to ensure that students are developing their abilities in reading. My main focus was on what our school’s process was, how support is given, professional training offered, and what more is needed to be done to increase success for students.
(Counselors Affecting Reading Everyday). My plan would involve developing one-on-one counseling sessions where the students would start off by taking a learning style inventory as well as a reading interest inventory. The purpose of the learning style inventory would be to help the students as well as their teachers to understand how each individual child learns and processes information. The reading interest inventory would serve the purpose of helping the students to find a particular type of text that they may enjoy reading. Upon completion of the learning style inventory and reading interest inventory, the students would begin meeting with the counselor to receive one-on-one reading opportunities using books that students self-select based on their interest. This one-on-one meeting will serve to meet the needs of those students who stated that they did not have anyone at home to read with. The students will utilize the school’s Accelerated Reading program to take quizzes on the books they read with the counselor. After earning their first five Accelerated Reading points, a book will be purchased for the student based on their interest. This incentive plan will serve as a means to provide personal books for those students that do not own any as well as attempting to help them to get over the fear or taking reading tests. During these weekly meetings, the counselor will provide a variety of reading text (based on student
The Yonkers Public School is located in Lower Hudson Valley and happens to be the fourth largest school district in New York State. The population of students consist of 19.9% Black, 18.4 % White and 54.5 % Hispanic. Lincoln High School is one of the seven public high
A literacy specialist role has a leadership component that requires expertise knowledge in the areas of assessment and research data. Through this knowledge and understanding, they can help students, teachers, and schools set literacy goals and actually accomplish them. Research states, “Schools that have literacy coaches or a literacy specialist, who is involved in setting literacy goals and accomplishments, promote teacher and student literacy improvements and achievements (Journal of Language and Literacy Education, Volume 3,
Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science What Expert Teachers of Reading Should Know and Be Able To Do The most fundamental responsibility of schools is teaching students to read. Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science What Expert Teachers of Reading Should Know and Be Able To Do June 1999 Author note: This paper was prepared for the American Federation of Teachers by Louisa C. Moats, project director, Washington D.C. site of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Early Interventions Project, and clinical associate professor of pediatrics, University of Texas, Houston, Health Sciences Center. Her work is supported in part by grant HD30995, “Early Interventions for Children with Reading Problems,”
Over the years, she has persistently worked with teachers and children in grades K-4 to increase the school’s reading scores. She readily tries new teaching strategies, which led to the implementation of guided reading in our school. Gale assisted in the training and execution of this research-based practice with overall success and approval by our entire faculty. She continues to conduct workshops and when asked, enters a classroom to offer suggestions and training for those teachers in need of extra assistance. Gale is swift, structured, and reliable which makes her someone teachers go to when they have questions, need assistance; and when they are new to the school and require further understanding and
• Do these expensive incentives give an unfair advantage over others? Pros and cons. • The 2001 Summer Reading Program sought to meet the following goals: (1) provide children in grades pre-K–3 with the opportunity to improve and retain reading skills in order to achieve greater success in school; and (2) encourage parents to participate and play an active role in reading with their children. The data from all stakeholders in the program - libraries, students, parents, and teachers - demonstrate that the Program made great strides towards meeting its
Philosophy and Foundational Knowledge The role of a literacy coach is to work with struggling readers, assist the classroom teacher in terms of teaching literacy, model and assist with various components of the literacy block, and help the teachers grow in their knowledge and teaching of literacy. It is also important
Best Practice 2: Assessment to Inform Instruction Teachers routinely monitor and assess the reading levels and progress of individual students. This ongoing evaluation directs and informs instruction.
The authors of the journal article, A Diagnostic Teaching Intervention for Classroom Teachers: Helping Struggling Readers in Early Elementary, organized a study that focused on the development of a reading program that would help struggling readers. Three key points that the authors incorporated into the study were the elements of the intensive instruction in reading, the importance of a code based learning environment, and the TRI system. All of these elements were geared toward testing the students on their fluency, phonological,
The second research question the independent evaluator chose to ask was how does the program affect the reading coaches? This question was extremely general and could be answered in a number of different ways; Margo chose a questionnaire that was answered by Team Read coaches to determine whether or not they were impacted by the Team Read Program. The results were generally positive as Trish McKay had felt the same way about the results, as they were looked upon in a positive light. The questionnaire was administered towards the late stages of the school year as students were beginning to wind down all programs and head into summer. This questionnaire differed in response from one area to the next on certain questionnaire questions which directly gives the Team Read program information and data that can be interpreted to change policy
Case Study: “Lucy” Amanda M. Cyprowski Assessment & Instruction in Reading Mrs. Jennifer Unger December 4, 2013 CONTENT OF ANALYSIS Personal Interest Survey Pages 3-5 Elementary Reading Attitude Survey Pages 6-9 Words Their Way: Primary Spelling Inventory Pages 10-13 Burns & Roe: Informal Reading Inventory Graded Word Lists Pages 14-17 Oral Reading Passages Pages 18-23 Silent Reading Passages Pages 24-29 Listening Comprehension Passages Pages 30-34 Conclusion of Results Pages 35-36 Fountas & Pinnell: Benchmark Assessments Oral Reading Pages 39-42 Written Retelling Pages 43-47 Results Pages 48-36 Case Study Response Pages 54-68 After the survey was over, Lucy was walked back to the class where she laid down and began to read a book right away.