Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia

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Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Dementia was defined by Cummings et al. (1980) as 'an acquired, persistent impairment of intellectual function with compromise and at least of the following spheres of activity: language, memory, visuospatial skills, emotion or personality and cognition.' Dementia occurs as a series of subtypes, one of which is known as vascular dementia (Brown, 1993). Vascular dementia is a disease which is most commonly caused by impairment to the circulatory system of the brain following damage caused by a stroke (Alzheimer, Scotland., 2002). Vascular dementia is found to be most prevalent in…show more content…
Problems may also be more physical, with difficulties walking due to weakness of limbs and often occur in loss of awareness on one side of the body. Disorientation frequently occurs in both time and place (Tadd, 2002). These problems which may be experienced by the patient following the development of vascular dementia result in major changes to the patient's everyday lives, which may often result in a loss of independence which can be frustrating for both the patient and their families. This project looks at the case of patient AM, which will be discussed in greater detail further in the report. AM has suffered vascular dementia resulting in severe reading difficulties among other things. It is however these reading difficulties which have been addressed in this investigation and will be discussed in detail throughout this report. Reading disorders which occur due to brain injury are known as acquired dyslexias. A distinction between two main types of dyslexias was made by Shallice and Warrington (1980) these two main types being central and peripheral dyslexias. Peripheral dyslexias were classified as affecting the early stages of visual analysis of letters and words whilst central dyslexias account for those subtypes in which deeper

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