Reading Lolita in Tehran as a Critic to the Changes in the Education System During the Revolution
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Reading Lolita in Tehran as a critic to the changes in the education system during the revolution
“Education is the most powerful weapon
which you can use to change the world.”
Although “Reading Lolita in Tehran” is classified as a memoir which by definition is “a special kind
of autobiography, usually involving a public portion of the author’s life as it relates to a person,
historic event, or thing. The text is about the personal knowledge and/or experiences of the
author” (Daye, n.d.), it is also a critic to the changes performed during the revolution in many
aspects of the Iranian society, it shows as…show more content… Private and foreign schools were obliged to follow the department’s program too.
Secularization: Historically, Iranian society had strong religious sentiments. So, in Iranian
society, any attempt to change the traditional life style or removal of religious aspects
from public life was opposed by religious establishments. Similar to the nationalization
attempt, Reza Shah tried to incorporate new ideologies and notions over old customs and
traditions. While doing so he also introduced his personality cult.
Another measure to promote secularization, and also depower the clergy was the abolishment of
veiling. By this attempt shah was aiming to enlist woman into the education and labor market.
Westernization: The westernization of the education system was targeted for the higher levels of
education. It had two interrelated aspects. First expanding the modern education system
nationwide and the opening of modern schools. Second was the veneration of ‘west’ in those new
schools. The westernization of the education system included exporting scientific and technologic
developments of west which consequently brought western cultural values and social structures.
An example of this was the emancipation of women in academia and economic life. They had
been subjected to westernization similar to secularization. Shah managed to incorporate them
into the educational environment.