Reading Lolita in Tehran as a Critic to the Changes in the Education System During the Revolution

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Reading Lolita in Tehran as a critic to the changes in the education system during the revolution “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Nelson Mandela Introduction Although “Reading Lolita in Tehran” is classified as a memoir which by definition is “a special kind of autobiography, usually involving a public portion of the author’s life as it relates to a person, historic event, or thing. The text is about the personal knowledge and/or experiences of the author” (Daye, n.d.), it is also a critic to the changes performed during the revolution in many aspects of the Iranian society, it shows as…show more content…
Private and foreign schools were obliged to follow the department’s program too. Secularization: Historically, Iranian society had strong religious sentiments. So, in Iranian society, any attempt to change the traditional life style or removal of religious aspects from public life was opposed by religious establishments. Similar to the nationalization attempt, Reza Shah tried to incorporate new ideologies and notions over old customs and traditions. While doing so he also introduced his personality cult. Another measure to promote secularization, and also depower the clergy was the abolishment of veiling. By this attempt shah was aiming to enlist woman into the education and labor market. Westernization: The westernization of the education system was targeted for the higher levels of education. It had two interrelated aspects. First expanding the modern education system nationwide and the opening of modern schools. Second was the veneration of ‘west’ in those new schools. The westernization of the education system included exporting scientific and technologic developments of west which consequently brought western cultural values and social structures. An example of this was the emancipation of women in academia and economic life. They had been subjected to westernization similar to secularization. Shah managed to incorporate them into the educational environment.

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