Reality Therapy Essay

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Reality Therapy
Introduction
William Glasser, who “published his first book, Mental Health or Mental Illness?” was the foundation of “Reality Therapy” in 1961.” (Corey, 1977/1991) “Dr. Glasser began his work in an adolescent girl’s juvenile facility.” (Mary Lahey, 2013 PowerPoint Presentation) This was in total opposition to a popular theory of the times by Sigmund Freud. Freud’s Psychoanalysis theory states;
That each individual is unique, that there are factors outside of a person's awareness (unconscious thoughts, feelings, and experiences) which influence his or her thoughts and actions, that the past shapes the present that human beings are always engaged in the process of development throughout their lives. (American
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This is the premise of many other popular theories that have become prevalent since its presentation in 1943.
Maslow (1943) stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs. When one need is fulfilled a person seeks to fulfil the next one, and so on. The earliest and most widespread version of Maslow's (1943, 1954) hierarchy of needs includes five motivational needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. This five stage model can be divided into basic (or deficiency) needs (e.g. physiological, safety, love, and esteem) and growth needs (self-actualization). (McLeod, 2007) In contrast, Glasser’s theory simply suggests that each individual is responsible for his or her own actions regardless of any and all other variables. However he also believes that if an individual is raised with a good support system they will make better choices. This premise builds upon Maslow and Freudian principles. “Reality therapist believes it is easier to change the acting and the thinking than the feeling and the physiology.” (Mary Lahey, 2013 PowerPoint Presentation)
Key Concepts of Reality Therapy According to Corey, 1977/1991 Glasser’s Book “The Stations of the mind” States:
Control theory is grounded in the assumption that individuals create an inner world that
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