Reasons for the Failure of the League of Nations Essay

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Reasons for the Failure of the League of Nations Although there is dispute about whether the League was a success in the 1920's, it is generally agreed that it was a failure in the 30's. In 1929, the Wall Street Crash started a long depression that quickly led to economic problems throughout the world, damaging trade and industry of all countries. It led to negatively affecting the relations between countries. Im 1931, the first major test for the League came about with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. Japan's economy and population had been growing rapidly since the 1900's,and was a major economy by the 1920's. It had a very powerful army and navy, so any leader dictated government…show more content…
Japan was a leading League member so care had to taken-this was a serious test for the League. After a long and frustrating wait, League officials sailed to Manchuria to assess the situation for themselves. A whole year later in September 1932, a report was presented. It was balanced and details, but clearly suggested that Japan had acted unlawfully - Manchuria should be returned to the Chinese. In February of the next year, Japan then announced it would invade China further, still arguing it was necessary self-defence. On February 24 the report was approved by 42 votes to 1 -only Japan voted against. After this 'insult' to Japan, it resigned from the League on 27th March 1933. It invaded Jehol the next week. The League was powerless to do anything-without the USA it could not discuss any real economic sanctions, s it was Japan's main trading partner. Britain seemed more interested in keeping up relations with Japan than agreeing to sanctions. Member counties could not even agree about banning arms sales to Japan. They were worried Japan might retaliate, escalating a war. There was no prospect of Britain or France risking their navies or armies in a war with Japan. It was agreed by all that this was a League failure,

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