Reconstruction After Civil War Essay

1503 Words Aug 25th, 2013 7 Pages
Reconstruction
Reconstruction was a period of time between 1865 and 1877, which was very complex and controversial. It refers to the actual rebuilding of the south physically, economically and politically from the damage of the Civil War. It was an effort to rebuild southern states and also to restore the Union. During this time period, the federal government passed a series of laws, acts and amendments to bring change. Many of these amendments guaranteed the equal rights to African-Americans. Yet, the question was still that is reconstruction successful? The topic of reconstruction is still very debatable even today. Although there are more facts that would prove reconstruction to be very much successful, there is also evidence that
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The thirteenth amendment has been ratified in 1865, which stated the abolition of slavery in United States; it was also the first reconstruction amendment. It followed by fourteenth amendment, prohibits states from denying due process of law and equal protection under law in 1868, and in 1870, the fifteenth amendment which guarantees the right to vote regardless of “race, color or previous conditions of servitude.” The Reconstruction ended when the Compromise of 1877 took place during the Presidential election of Rutherford Hayes, republican, verses Samuel Tilden, democrat. Tilden won the election but the democrats agreed to announce Hayes, the winner if he would remove the last U.S. military troops from South. Everyone knew that if the troops were removed from South then they would obviously return to their “Home Rule”, something that is much more like slavery. But still republicans agreed to the offer and that’s what led to the end of the reconstruction in 1877. Because there were no troops in south now, they started to follow their own rules and regulations, which also involved no pity for poor African-Americans.
Economically, there were so many cruel and unjust treatments to poor. The wealthy white farmers and business owners found new ways to keep blacks and poor whites trapped in poverty and dependence which is much unkind than slavery.
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