Sanghee Song Professor Denise Jessie History 11 7 May 2015 Reconstruction In the beginning of 1865, the Civil War came to a close, abandoning over 620,000 dead and a destructive path of devastating all over the south. The North now was confronted with the task of reconstructing the destroyed and aggrieved Confederate states.
Reconstruction was one of the most important periods in American history. It was a period right after the Civil War lasting from approximately from 1863 to 1877. During this time, the leaders of the country and the congress struggled with a challenge of bringing the South back into the Union politically, economically and socially. One of the key challenges they faced was how to reunite the nation and what to do with the thirteen rebellious states that broke off from the Union and joined the Confederacy. Another challenge the government was dealing with was what to do with four million former slaves who now needed housing, food, work, education along with basic civil rights such as voting and government participation. In my opinion reconstruction was more successful in bringing back the South economically and politically. Social reconstruction on the other hand, was almost an impossible task due to lack of commitment to insure equal rights for African Americans. In this essay I will examine successes and failures of presidential, congressional, and social reconstructions.
Reconstruction in the south began after the Civil War. As a part of the reconstruction, freed slaves were rewarded for their loyalty to the Union by having land distributed to them. This gesture was believed to be the catalyst for allowing the newly freed men to better their lives and provide them with opportunities that they had not previously imagined. They were now considered United States citizens, and therefore, expected to benefit from all of the rights of this new citizenship. The reality, however, would prove to be not nearly as promising as the dream. Land ownership was important to their development as new citizens, as it would provide them with the opportunity to establish their own homes, and benefit from their own labor.
Majiye Uchibeke Civil War & Reconstruction Dr. David Herr 12/2/2017 Civil War and Reconstruction Finals 1. The war in 1862 was only more than a year old and the people in both the Union and Confederate sides didn’t anticipate it would last that long, but it is going to go on. Close to the end of the summer in this same year, the Union has made huge progress in claiming confederate lands, winning some major battles. They have put the confederacy in the defensive. They have taken over New Orleans, with even black troops major on the ground of New Orleans. They have taken Missouri and are working hard to take over the Mississippi Valley and maybe even Richmond itself. Bruce Catton puts it this way in The Civil War, “Except for guerrilla activity, Kentucky and Missouri has been swept clear of armed confederates, Western Tennessee had been reclaimed, there was a Yankee army in Cumberland Gap, another one was approaching chattanooga, and a third was sprawled out from Memphis to Corinth, preparing to splice down through Mississippi and touch hands with the Union occupation forces in Baton Rouge and New Orleans” (85) So not only that they Union had taken over regions, they are advancing as well, but they did not win the way this year for some reason. Firstly, because they did not have generals and army heads capable of taking them to victory. General Halleck, chief of the Union Armies and Pope in charge of one of the Union armies in Virginia, were major examples of this.
Reconstruction was the period following the Civil War in which the national government attempted to reintegrate the Southern states that had formed the Confederacy back into the United States. During this time the US faced many social, political, and economic challenges. The national government worked to establish order in the South. In the process, the nation passed the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution that ended slavery, defined citizenship, and protected the right to vote. As a result, most Southern states, where former slave owners needed workers, adopted Black Codes, allowing them to still treat African Americans as if they were beneath them. After Reconstruction many were extremely poor, and created a poverty system known as Sharecropping. This was when the poor grew crops on another’s land in return for money paid after the harvest. With recently been freed with no financial resources, African Americans had to accept credit each year to pay for seeds, tools and other supplies. In the end, most sharecroppers remained in debt.
Ronald D. Eller and James Tice Moore have different views of the change in the south after reconstruction. Eller believe that the south changed due to the change of in southern economics. The south was able to take advantage of industries in Appalachian, that produced coal, iron, and lumber. The railroad system allowed the south to interact with the industries in Appalachian, which brought a growth to the south economic system. According to Eller, the change transformed the south into a “new south”.
North or South: Who Killed Reconstruction? Read all about it! The biggest scandal in American history! In April 9, 1865 the end of the civil war, with the North winning. After the civil war America entered a time known as Reconstruction (the rebuilding of the union after the civil war and finally giving African Americans freedom through the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment.) It looked like 1876 was going to be a great year with the Declaration of Independence having its 100th anniversary also with the election of 1876 coming. It came although as a year of corruption for the nation. The election of 1876 saw Rutherford B. Hayes running against Samuel J. Tilden for president. The rumor of a new civil was hanging around the nation because of this election. The compromise of 1877 stopped this from happening. It gave the Republican Party Rutherford Hayes presidency. It
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction: North and South America after the Civil War The War 's Aftermath the fate of the former Confederacy, newly freed slaves, and the reforming US were all hot topics post war Development in the North the civil war was a social revolution in many ways;
Rebuilding after the war was not just their homes but also the economic lives of planters and former slaves. Farmers found it hard to adjust to the end of slavery because they were able to control their labor force and wanted to restore the old discipline but were meant with opposition from the freed people, who equated freedom with economic autonomy. Many freed slaves believed that their years of labor should give them a claim to land; their rally cry became, "forty acres and a mule" became their rallying cry. Whites didn’t want to sell to blacks, and the federal government decision not to sell land in the South, meant that only a small amount of the freed people became landowners. During Reconstruction, some small white farmers, were thrown
This particular section was very interesting to me, even after slavery, African Americans continued to be treated unjustly. Many people do not understand the hope that our people held on to while being treated less than an animal. I agree with Elizabeth Keckley words, if the people would come together in the bonds of peace – how much better the world would be (Gates & Smith, 2014). African American men put their lives on the line to fight in the civil war. I can’t even imagine seeing death every single day and to be treated unequally to the next man.
Many historians argue about the result of the reconstruction. By reading the sources I concluded that the American reconstruction after the war was somewhat successful. According to Frances after the civil war, the north sent many generals to the south to control territories until the land was settling. According
In the lead-up to WWI, the United States faced a variety of economic fortunes and misfortunes. After the Civil War, there had been unprecedented economic growth, however the Panic of 1873, shook the economy to its core. Recovering from the Panic took the recovery of American industries, such as tobacco
The civil war ended in 1865 and what followed was a kerfuffle, otherwise known as “The Reconstruction.” This was a period of violence and turbulent controversy ranging from racial issues to economic problems.
Effects of the Reconstruction on the South After the Civil War, the nation was shattered. And the people had looked to Lincoln to repair what had been damaged in the United States. But a Southern extremist with a homicidal plot had ensured that reparations between the North and the South would be stalled.
The Reconstruction Era, between the years of 1865-1877, was the difficult time because of post-war problems. The plan for the reconstruction of the South for Lincoln was to do so during the Civil War and form as Union soldiers. The Civil War was a time of anger between the north