Redemption And Utopia

1367 Words Dec 11th, 2014 6 Pages
Redemption and Utopia
The Torah doesn’t recognize Messiah as a designation of waiting for a redeemer in the eschatological, technical or personnel sense like the Christian tradition later understood in light of the redeeming death of Jesus of Nazareth. The word Messiah derives etymologically from the Hebrew and means "anointed with oil." In the Jewish Bible the name Messiah applies to both the "king" (1 Sam 24,7.11), as the "high priest" (Lev 4.3), and later appears associated with all priests (2Mac 1, 10). The "anointed" presupposed, in short, the figure of anyone associated with the implementation of a special mission, rushed by G-d, but their status was still emptied of the eschatological and unique character of the person “Messiah” as would be reinforced later by biblical hermeneutics.
The history of Judaism of the post-exilic period gave rise to a complex set of beliefs towards the expectations about the future: resurrection of the body, eternal reward and punishment, final judgment, heaven, retribution and the Messiah. Many of these beliefs, however, have become doctrines only later, and so are presented only bland and implicitly in the Torah. Indeed, to the astonishment of many, if not used as a task careful exegetical research, these beliefs remain hidden between the lines of the scripture. This was one reason, incidentally, that led the faction of the Sadducees to not believe in the resurrection of the dead, that is, because they are not explicitly written in the…

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