Redistricting, The Process Of Adjusting States

2018 Words Mar 11th, 2016 9 Pages
Redistricting, the process of adjusting states’ district lines to “even” the population among said districts, has transformed into a science. Depending on a state 's’ population, a certain amount of agents represent that state in the House of Representatives. Well each representative has his or her own district in their home state. These districts then play a role in electing that specific representative to the House. This seems like a standard government function, but the Constitution does not specify any limits on how or by who the districts should be drawn. This process has been left to the state legislatures. The issue that we run into is that once placed in legislature hands, those in power have the ability to draw the congressional districts in a way that benefits their party, this is called gerrymandering. Gerrymandering has been around since the birth of redistricting, but Congress has always left redistricting to the states legislatures. This is because letting Congress redistrict would give them the capacity to gerrymander on a national scale, which would be a major fault of our democratic government.
Gerrymandering is real and has been a concern throughout history, but not a lot has changed. There have been multiple court cases surrounding gerrymandering that led to some restrictions, but it is still a common occurrence in current day America. For example, in the Supreme Court Case of Reynolds v. Sims (1964) the court ruled that under the 14th amendment, “one…
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