Reducing Falls Throughout The Elderly

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Reducing Falls in the Elderly by Use of Multifactorial Assessments and Management Programs

Marney Belmore

Southeast Missouri State University

A fall is defined as an unanticipated occurrence where a person happens to lie on the ground, floor or a surface that is below them from their prior standing, lying or sitting position. In the United States, people over the age of 65 years of age is increasing at a rapid rate due to the increase in the average life expectancy and our baby boomers advancing in years. In fact, the U.S. Census Bureau predicts that the quantity of people aged 65 years or older will double by the year 2030 and the people 85 years and older will grow by 5 times by the year 2050. With the increasing average age of Americans, the escalation of falls in the elderly will increase tremendously because of many different risk factors that affect our elderly population. (Michael et al., 2010).
Falls are triggered by multifaceted factors with numerous dangers that include either long or short term influencing factors. The connections between these factors may be altered by the person?s age, ailments, illnesses, diagnoses such as Parkinson?s, stroke, diabetes mellitus and arthritis, or their surroundings. The major fall risk factors for elderly include their advancing age, loss of muscle strength, unsteady gait, impaired balance, incontinence of bowel or bladder, depression, cognitive impairment, due to
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