Reflection Of Sociology

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The first section of the course develops an understanding of sociology and emphasizes the use of sociological imagination and sociological perspective to question the obvious in order to recognize the opportunities and constraints in our lives through the connection of personal aspects of an individual’s life to social and historical influences. The three main theoretical approaches (Structural-Functionalist, Conflict, Symbolic-Interaction) were discussed during the lecture and were applied to analyze sports. Sociological methods were also studied to help distinguish common myths, based on anecdotal evidence and correlating data that is affected by other factors that are not considered in the research, from facts supported by scientific evidence. The three research orientations used by sociologists are positivist sociology, interpretative sociology and critical sociology. Positivist sociology conducts quantitative research such as surveys, experiments and statistical data to demonstrate a cause and effect relationship. Interpretive sociology conducts qualitative research and focuses on subjective realities and tries to understand what people do and why they do it. Critical sociology disagrees with the common idea that society has a natural order and focuses on the need for social change. Furthermore, the course discusses the concept of social stratification, which refers to a division of society into 2 or more hierarchically ordered groups. In this section, the differences between caste and class is clarified. Caste is hereditary and there is little or no mobility. On the contrary, there is some mobility in the class system, where an individual’s status is defined by income, education and work. The distinction between race and ethnicity is established during the lecture. Contrary to the common myth, race is not biology and is just based on physical traits. It is relatively fluid and changes over time through interracial marriage. In Portraits of White Racism, David Wellman makes the distinction between prejudice and racism by redefining racism as the “system of advantage based on race.” Ethnicity categorizes people based on shared culture, heritage, language, religion, family, household structure, preferences

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