Reflection Paper for Philosophy of Religion: The continous conflict between Religious Pluralism and Exclusivism

1630 Words Jan 22nd, 2004 7 Pages
Religion has been as part of society as far as its beginnings. All ancient human civilization had some sort of belief in a God or the transcendent. Beliefs have always been an issue within any human society. The belief of the transcendent gives humans a chance or hope for eternal happiness for people who abide their beliefs.

But through out history, different religions and beliefs emerged which gives rise to the inconsistency. There are numerous differences between religions: one versus many gods, personal versus impersonal gods, personal survival of believers versus no survival of believers, moral codes, religious life, etc. As observable in human history, though religions often offer some sort heaven it often paradoxically entails
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At one point, Hick argues that the ultimate reality of God has no properties or attributes by itself, but only in relation to believers. So the properties we attribute to God are relational properties, which don't exist or pertain to God if we don't exist to assign those properties to God. Yet, this theory still implies that each religion's view of that ultimate reality is not completely true since there exist other, contradictory and equally correct relative views of God. And this undermines the importance of that particular religion's beliefs. Also, a being that has no properties or attributes in itself seems incoherent, because, once again, the law of non-contradiction does not seem to apply to that being in the absence of any believers. Besides, a being that has no properties is almost identical to nothing.

On the other hand, one can also take the path of an Exclusivist. Exclusivism states that one's own religion is true, all the other are false. Which yet again sets it in conflict with every other thought out there: Which religion is the true religion? For the exclusivist, salvation comes from faith in that one true religion. But, there are exceptions that present several problems. Examples of these are people who didn't hear the religion's message. Also there are those virtuous and good people who did

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