Decent Essays
Dissociative Disorders is the disruption in the integrated functions of consciences, memory, identity, or perception of the environment. They are marked by a dissociation from or interruption of a person’s fundamental aspect of waking consciousness such as personal identity and one’s personal history. In this paper I will be discussing the main dissociative disorders, which are: Dissociative Amnesia, Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Identity Disorder, and Depersonalization Disorder. All of the dissociative disorders are thought to stem from trauma experienced by the individual with the disorder. (Maser, 2000) Seen in a number of other mental illnesses, including post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and obsessive
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A prevalence rate of 0.2% for Dissociative Fugue has been reported in the general population. (Frances, 1994) Most cases described in adults are related to traumatic, stressful, or overwhelming life events. Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder has been defined as multiple personality disorder. This disorder is the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that take control of behavior. Dissociative Identity Disorder reflects a failure to integrate various aspects of identity, memory, and consciousness. (Frances, 1994) Each personality state may be experienced as if it has a distinct personal history, self-image, and identity, including a separate name. (Frances, 1994) Individuals with this disorder have a primary identity that carries the individual’s given name and is passive, dependent, guilty, and depressed. The alternate identities frequently have different names and characteristics that contrast with the primary identity. (Frances, 1994) Some identities may emerge in specific
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