Related Literature On Dyslexia

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CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter presents some subchapters. These are Language Disorder, Dyslexia, Writing Dyslexia or Dyslexic Dysgraphia, Perception in Dyslexia, and the last, Previous Studies are presented to make certain and strong that this study is not plagiarism. 2.1 Language Disorder In this world, there is an occasion when children have difficulties in listening, speaking, reading, and/or even writing since not all children have the language abilities well like others. They experience a disorder which involve the processing of linguistic information. This condition is called language disorder. Language disorder can be defined as a significant delay in the use and/or understanding of spoken or written language.…show more content…
It can be best translated as difficulty with words. Dyslexia is considered as a language disorder which affects language learning such as sounding out words, spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, pronouncing words when reading aloud, and understanding what was read (Field, 2003). Thus, it means that dyslexia affects four basic language skills which are owned by children (listening, speaking, reading, and even writing). Furthermore, International Dyslexia Association states: Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (International Dyslexia Association,
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