Related Literature Review On Dyslexia

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CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter presents some subchapters. These are Language Disorder, Dyslexia, Writing Dyslexia or Dyslexic Dysgraphia, Perception in Dyslexia, and the last, Previous Studies are presented to make certain and strong that this study is not plagiarism. 2.1 Language Disorder In this world, there is an occasion when children have difficulties in listening, speaking, reading, and/or even writing since not all children have the language abilities well like others. They experience a disorder which involve the processing of linguistic information. This condition is called language disorder. Language disorder can be defined as a significant delay in the use and/or understanding of spoken or written language.…show more content…
, & Kline, W. , 2006). Difficulties with auditory perception may result trouble in producing the correct letters and words which have similar sounds. Children with auditory processing disorder also have difficulties in understanding and interpreting the meaning of the words or sentences which they have heard through their ears. In term of auditory perception, there are also five elements which is important to see the process of dyslexics in listening and interpreting the sound which they have heard (Lerner, J.W. , & Kline, W. , 2006). Those are phonological awareness, auditory discrimination, auditory memory, auditory sequencing, and auditory blending. 2.3.2.1 Phonological Awareness Phonological awareness in auditory perception is an ability that includes identifying and manipulating units of oral language-parts such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes (Lerner, J.W. , & Kline, W. , 2006). It is needed to transfer the spoken word into written language. Children who are lacking with phonological awareness skill have difficulty in recognizing the letters which have similar sound and in identifying the number of sounds in a word (Georgiou, G. K., Papadopoulos, T. C., Zarouna, E., & Parilla, R., 2012). 2.3.2.2 Auditory…show more content…
, & Kline, W. , 2006). Children who suffer dyslexia have difficulty in using their auditory memory skill since they have a limited function in their long-term memory in their brain. They just remember the information which often be heard or seen in their daily activity. 2.3.2.4 Auditory Sequencing Auditory sequencing in auditory perception is an ability to remember the detail of what is heard and the order in which it was communicated (Lerner, J.W. , & Kline, W. , 2006). Auditory sequencing is a skill involving auditory perception, thinking processes, and memory (Georgiou, G. K., et al., 2012). 2.3.2.5 Auditory Blending Auditory blending is an ability to blend and put together every single letter into a correct word as a spoken information which children have heard (Lerner, J.W. , & Kline, W. , 2006). Children who suffer dyslexia have difficulties to use their auditory blending skill since remembering letters is difficult for dyslexics since letters do not have a real object or reference on the
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