Essay on Relations Between the US and Italy Between 1952-1954

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Relations Between the US and Italy Between 1952-1954 “The Communist Problem” The “cold war” loss of Italy to Communist control would result in profound political, psychological and military damage to the free world (p.1567) Draft Statement of Policy by The Planning Board of The National Security Council           After the end of World War II the United States embarked on years of an uneasy alliance with Italy. The recovering Italian Fascist government was highly unstable and looked as though it could fall into Communist hands at any moment. The United States through mostly financial means chose to support the Christian Democratic Party in hopes of squelching public support for the…show more content…
This created an extremely volatile political environment Italy which consisted of a virtual plethora of viable political parties including the dominant United States backed and funded Christian Democrats and the Partitio Communista Italiano also known as the PCI. There was a strong conflict of interest that arose between the formal antifascist constitution and the material one imposed being imposed on them by the escalating international situation. On one side there was the pro-Western stance of the main Italian governing party, the Christian Democrats and on the other side they were faced with the PCI’s dependency on the Soviet Union, these issues were soon to become the major boiling points of the Italian republic. The PCI’s alliance with the Soviet Union provided them with resources much need by the PCI and much maligned by the United States as stated in this dispatch from the Director of Western European Affairs in Feb. of 1952, “The Communist Party apparently has unlimited funds to finance its activities and is becoming increasingly active in the South. (p.1572)” In a way Italy was attempting to be seen as a country bridging the ever widening gap between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Italian government in 1952 was under the rule of Christian Democrat premier, Alcide De Gasperi. The US had seemed faithful at first that the Christian Democrats
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