Relationship Between Gum Disease And Heart Disease

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Relationship between periodontal disease and other health problems: Gum disease and heart disease Cardiologists and dentist agree that there are credible reasons why gum disease and heart disease may be linked. For example, in both diseases inflammation is a common problem. Atherosclerosis is associated with inflammation. Build-up of fatty plaque (atheroma) in the arteries is also an inflammatory process. In 2009 a consensus report was published in the Journal of Periodontology and the American Journal of Cardiology by experts. The report made these points: • Gum disease is a risk factor for coronary artery disease following reviews of several studies • A study in the US of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) showed…show more content…
This involves brushing teeth for two minutes at least twice a day and flossing regularly. Interdental brushing is recommended where possible. Individuals with arthritis or dexterity problems may find that using an electric brush provides a better through…show more content…
A dentist or dental hygienist deep cleans using ultrasonic device under local anaesthetic, whereby plaque and tarter from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling) and rough spots on the tooth’s root are smoothened (planing). Planing is carried out so that bacteria is removed and the surface of the tooth is smooth so the gums can reattach to the teeth. (Friedman, 2014) • Antibiotics can also be used to reduce or temporarily eliminate the bacteria that cause gum disease. Chlorhexidine is an antimicrobial ingredient which has been clinically proven to combat plaque and gingivitis in the mouth or in periodontal pockets. Chlorhexidine is available as a mouth wash and antiseptic chips. • Triclosan, a non-prescription toothpaste that contain fluoride and an antibiotic can also be used to reduce plaque and gingivitis. If gum disease is severe further medical and dental treatment is required, in some cases surgery usually carried out by a periodontologist. There are a number of types of surgery that can help remove bacteria and repair gums and bone. Surgical treatments for Gum
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