Relationship Between Science And Religion

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The relationship between science and religion is an arguably rigid one, the two topics presently posing contrasting ideas in modern society. However, this relationship has been varied over the course of time, in particular the nineteenth century. We can put forth the argument that it was not necessarily as simple as the two being mutually exclusive concepts that continuously opposed each other; rather the two held a complicated relationship. These apparent conflicts between science and religion can often be resultant of more complex debates, for example concerning political power. It can also be seen that there was a continually shifting boundary between the two subjects, making it merely reductionist to say the two were in conflict. Science and religion were in conflict to the extent that both these concepts were adapting to the contemporary world, sometimes causing them to clash. During the nineteenth century, religion still remained a prevalent influence in Britain, from which we can argue that there was no widespread conflict caused by the sciences. Britain was a predominantly protestant country, with an estimation of attendance being made by Dr Chalmers, from which he “concluded that five eighths, or sixty-two and a half per cent., of the people of a town might attend religious services.” The period also saw the revival of the evangelical movement, from which people believed that religion should inform every aspect of daily life, and we must spend our lives
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