Relationship Between Self Esteem and Achievement

4980 Words May 11th, 2010 20 Pages
ABSTRACT
The present study explored the relationship between individual self esteem and achievement. The sample of the study consisted of 85 respondents working in the private sector of Pakistan. A total of 21 companies were visited for this purpose. It was hypothesized that individuals having self-esteem will also have high achievement. Two scales were used to measure self-esteem and achievement. Self-esteem scale comprised of 13 items and the achievement scale also comprised of 13 items measured on 6 components of achievement. Both questionnaires were given to each subject and analyzed afterwards. The results indicated that those subjects scoring high on self-esteem scale also scored high on achievement scale. The results are
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Rosenberg (1979) viewed the self as made up of 2 elements, identity which represents cognitive variables and self-esteem which represents the affective variables.
Self esteem is operationally defined as:
“Individual’s feelings about his or her worth as a person, derived from the evaluation of various salient dimensions of the self, namely psychological, social and physical or any other” (Rifai, 1999).
Types of Self-esteem
Korman (1986) suggests three types of self-esteem. They are:
Chronic Self-esteem
This type is defined as a relatively persistent personality trait or dispositional state that occurs consistently across various situations. This self-esteem is a result of past experiences and focuses on one’s competencies. An individual’s confidence in his/her competencies directs the individual into situations which require the use of those competencies.
Task Specific Self-esteem
Task specific self-esteem is one’s self perception of his/her competence concerning a particular task or job. This type of self-esteem is the result of feedback, which comes directly from the observation of he results of one’s efforts.
Socially Influenced Self-esteem
This type of self-esteem is a function of the expectations of others. It results from communication or feedback from reference group members or society as a whole, concerning the value of identity and the individual’s ability to meet the expectations of the reference groups and/or the society as a whole.
Theories
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