Relationship Between Sex and Gender Essay

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“Men and women’s roles have changed so much that there is no longer any difference.” The relationship that exists between gender and sex has been the root cause of global gender movements and issues that exists in the contemporary world. The representation of masculinity and femininity is humanly constructed and sets the stage for social expectation. Social institutions are designed to cater for the desired gender role that is based on the foundations of traditional social norms. Norms change over time and space and are influenced by the cultural and social environment and movements. The theory of gender and its relation to sex, power, femininity and masculinity are detailed first followed by two case studies…show more content…
The issue of discrimination within the establishments of gender allocation has been controversial and excruciating. Sex differences are apparent though the means in which it’s applied to social norms are abnormal and humanly created, therefore it can be changed. “There are no ‘natural’ differences between men and women; all such differences are socially created, hence artificial, and would vanish in a society with equality between men and women” (Hakim, p17). Power, as Michael Foucault states is a function which operates unnoticeably within social institutions and directly impacts social expectations. The assigned gender roles are fundamental to adherence as it determines an individual’s acceptance in society or risk being an outcast. Michael Foucault’s theory on power is that “if you do not behave within a gendered norm, then you may be seen as an outcast. The unfortunate truth is that historically (and even today) men and women who failed to meet these norms were the victims of abuse even violence” (Arvantikas, J p74). Case studies have been provided to prove that differences exist between females and males and this is evident in the assigned gender roles. The contemporary issues that are being tackled by feminists are primarily due to sex discrimination and abuse in gender roles which impacts critical aspects of life like employment and physical well being. Case study one discusses the
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