The biological purpose of the stress response is to help the body to survive either some sort of attack or a serious illness like a stroke or heart attack. During the stress response glucocorticoids divert the bodies energy to the areas necessary for survival like the muscles and the brain and it shuts down the areas that are not necessary for survival like the digestive and immune systems (Sopolsky, 2009). Chronic Stress in this context, is to experience this physical effect on regular or long term basis. This has become a public health issue for humans because we experience this chronic biological response on a too frequent a basis for psychological reasons (Stress, 2008).
How Stress Affects your Health Stress is a common health issue for the body and mind, but it can be managed if not avoid. Chronic Stress can affect the body negatively in many ways. Chronic stress causes wear and tear on your body. It can also make existing problems worse. Chronic
Another interesting part of this book, talks about the decreased immune response during times of stress. Hans Selye, one of the godfathers of stress physiology, discovered the first evidence of stress-induced immunosuppression back in the 1930s. Selye learned that the same glucocorticoids that are responsible for sympathetic response, was also a large contributor in immune system suppression. Glucocorticoids stop the formation of lymphocytes as well as inhibit the release of interleukins and interferons which make already circulating lymphocytes less responsive to infections. Sapolsky hypothesized why evolution would create this process from happening. He wanted to know why
People with stress also engage in behaviors that are not good for their immune system. This is shown many times in Evicted when people get sick and get diagnosed with a disease after years of living in poverty, getting evicted, or being stressed. For example, Scott grew up in awful conditions and was in poverty as a child, but later was able to educate himself and get a good job. Unfortunately, after an incident at his nursing home that he worked at and his doctor retiring, he became very stressed out and started taking prescription drugs. He also began stilling drugs from people at the nursing home. This affected him a lot and he had to leave his job and live in poverty due to all the money he spent on drugs. After all of these events, he became even more stressed, which made his health even worse. Similar to what the textbook said, when people are stressed, they do things that are not good for their bodies, such as stop exercising, not sleeping well, not eating well, and turning to drugs and alcohol. For Scott, he turned to drugs and alcohol when he was stressed, which affected his life in a negative way. Another example was Ned, who had the stress of having to move his family after an eviction. The eviction was a huge stress on him. He began to miss work and make mistakes at work. This lead to him getting fired from his construction
What is stress ? Stress can be expressed as a butterflies in the tummy, worry, or anxiety(1). Stress may have a good effect on the individuals' lives as it boosts the performance and help to concentrate; However, the human body
In an acute stressor, the immune system is heightened. But is suppressed in a chronic stressor. In this situation the cortisol levels rise, and weaken the immune system. This weaken system can make the human body more susceptible to serious disease, infections
Stress affects your health without you even realizing it. Constant headaches or trouble sleeping would be something stress causes often. This can get bad enough which leads to serious health problems such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Stress effects your body with things like muscle
Scholarly Paper Introduction This scholarly paper is about stress, one of the social determinants of health, and how stress occurs and how it influences the health and wellbeing of an individual. Stress affects the mental and psychological health of a person, which reflects in their thoughts and emotions, ultimately, making them think or act in a different way than normal. This abnormal behaviour could potentially lead to further severe mental damage. Stress also affects a person’s family and people near them, resulting in separation or loss of friendship, marriage and other social bonds with communities. The paper also endeavours to look into some of the strategies to overcome stress and the ways to fit into a healthy and happy life
3) Discuss the psychological evidence concerning the relationship between personality, stress and disease. Many psychologists believe that stress is a common cause of many illnesses, both physically and psychologically. So how does a person’s personality contribute to their levels of stress and thus make them a target for stress related illnesses such as coronary heart disease? This essay aims to look at definitions for stress and personality and see how the relationship between these can produce disease in the human body. The essay will also look at evidence for stress and its affect on health and personality types and how stress is associated with them.
Researchers tend to focus more intensely on perturbations resulting from aversive events. (Novak et al 2013). A stress response can be describe physiologically as a result of discovery of metabolic, immunological and neuroendocrine mechanisms. Several hormones including ACTH, glucorticoid, catecholamines, and prolactin are involved in a stress response. Adrenal glands are essential to hormonal stress responses because they are involved both hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenocortical axis and the symphatho-adreno- medullary system. The most salient physiological responses to stress include activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) as well as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Accu- rate measurement of the catecholamines (i.e., epinephrine and norepinephrine) released as a result of SNS activation is dif- ficult because these substances are only available for transient periods of time (Reeder and Kramer, 2005). Thus, evaluation of the HPA axis, most commonly by measurement of its end-prod- uct glucocorticoids, has traditionally been the primary means to make inferences about the stress response in animals. (Otovic & Hutchinson
Psychological stress is a result of many factors and should be dealt with very carefully. Stress can be defined as “An excess of demand made upon the adaptive capabilities of the mind and body”.(Joseph 1). Another way of putting it, is that there are some things that put certain demands on us. The effects of stress should not be limited to unpleasant emotional states. Many studies have concluded that the effects on our physical health from stress can be extremely detrimental. These adverse physical effects include heart disease and formations of cancer. There are also some societal issues that psychological stress can hamper.
“Stress is a silent disease” (Doctor Hobel). Over the years, stress has played a major rule in a large majority of people’s lives throughout the United States. When thought about, it is said to be extremely surprising as to how many people really have stress in each individual’s life. People do not consider what the reasons are for the feelings and emotions they experience. There are all different types of stress, and stress can do a lot to a person. Each person also handles stress in a different way. Some can handle more than others, because every single person’s body works in a different way. Stress has also been told to cause people to act out of character (Dr. David Posen). They often do not act the way they usually would while under
Chronic stress can also interfere with the body’s immune system directly through hormonal changes. Glucocorticoids-a hormone
As evident from the book, the ability of managing stress is not equal in all human beings. Some can handle it better, while some cannot. There are reasons behind the difference of stress management abilities of human beings. Information such as a child is at high risk of obesity and heart disease, if the mother is not well nourished in the first trimester and malnutrition in the second or third trimester may result in diabetes of the child. The book also informs that the people living in New York tend to die of heart attacks more than anywhere else in the United States. The book contains more such facts and information.
Stress can cause many things that affect a healthy body. Stress causes quick yet shallow breathing in which case, the body's cells are being deprived of oxygen. Stress will increase cholesterol levels and can also cause indigestion, heartburn, a decreased sex drive, and also arteriosclerosis (the hardening of the arteries). While these symptoms may seem minimal, stress can decrease the activity of white blood cells. Since the white blood cells fight off sicknesses and diseases, the immune system is affected by stress and can make the body more susceptible to colds, viruses, flues, and diseases (Morrison 2).