Relationship Between The Iliad And The Greek Gods

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For many greeks, Homer's novels were used as a spiritual and moral guide and to demonstrate the Greek religion. The Homeric gods were said to represent ethical values and promote virtuosity. When one thinks of a god, an association with powers and miracles comes to mind along with the singularity of only ONE god. Gods have been portrayed as almighty beings who contribute historical events ranging from uncontrollable Earthly forces to the outcome of a treacherous battle (I.e. Trojan War). Homer contributed an immense understanding of the will of the gods through his epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey. Allow me to discuss the god's relationship to culture as imagined in both readings. Religion is a major cultural factor in both epics as gods and goddesses are a daily presence in people's lives and have great influences on them. In the Iliad, the gods were called more to intervene the mortals' affairs than they were in the Odyssey. In the Iliad, the gods are portrayed as deceptive, volatile, and conniving as there were a lot of sneaking behind one another's backs to aid one side over the other. For example, Hera wanted the Achaeans to win, but Zeus tries to remain neutral. In result, some of the god's plot to put him to sleep so they could help the Achaeans win. It appeared as though the battlefield was a theatrical play and the mortals were their puppets. The extent of their generosity was even exposed. The priest of Apollo, Chryses, stated, "Hear me, lord of the silver
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