Relationship Between The Mind And The Brain

1934 Words Apr 21st, 2016 8 Pages
When philosophically analyzing the relationship between the mind and the brain, one must take into consideration all sides of the argument. The mind-body problem exemplifies how mental states are related to physical states assuming that the mind is a non-physical entity while the human body is strictly physical. What is the relationship between the mind and the brain and how is this used to explain all human thoughts, behaviors, and actions? A physicalist, such as David Armstrong, would claim that the consciousness is the same as physical brain; they both experience the same events. In response a dualist, such as Thomas Nagel, could argue that the mental and the physical, the mind and the body, are two completely separate things. In this essay, theories created in attempt to explain, solve, and challenge the mind-body problem will be explored and analyzed. To begin I will interpret the arguments presented by Thomas Nagel in response to physicalism and reductionism. Through his collection of essays, he refutes reductionism: the philosophical belief that a complex system is nothing more than the sum of its part. In Nagel’s famous essay, “Mind and Cosmos’”, he claims “that the mind-body problem is not just a local problem, having to do with the relation between mind, brain, and behavior in living animal organisms, but that it invades our understanding of the entire cosmos and its history”(Nagel 3). He focuses on the idea that physicalism and reductionism are not…
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