Relationship Between Tourism and Cultural Heritage Management: Evidence from Hong Kong

7693 WordsSep 26, 201031 Pages
ARTICLE IN PRESS Tourism Management 26 (2005) 539–548 Relationship between tourism and cultural heritage management: evidence from Hong Kong$ Bob McKerchera,*, Pamela S. Y. Hoa, Hilary du Crosb b a School of Hotel and Tourism Management, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong/School of Hotel and Tourism Management, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Received 24 November 2003; accepted 4 February 2004 Abstract This paper examines the nature of the relationship between tourism and cultural heritage management in the established urban destination of Hong Kong. In the past, conflict theory has formed the basis of most of the studies of…show more content…
The environment (Coppock, 1982; Mathieson & Wall, 1982; Romeril, 1989; Butler, 1991) and outdoor recreation (Hendee, Stankey, & Lucas, 1979; Anderson & Brown, 1984; Jacob & Schreyer, 1980; Jackson & Wong, 1982; Marsh, 1986) were the focus of research throughout the 1970s and 1980s. They remain popular topics today in response to the development of protected area tourism and recreation, and more recently by the emergence of sustainability and ecotourism. Host communities, and in particular, the social impacts of tourism began to be studied in the 1980s (O’Grady, 1981; Gorman, 1988; Madrigal, 1993; Dana, 1999; Abakerli, 2001) as community tourism grew. More recently, the focus has shifted to the relationship between tourism and host cultures (Altman, 1989; Altman & Finlayson, 1991) or tourism and CHM (Berry, 1994; Jacobs & Gale, 1994; Boniface, 1998; du Cros, 2001; McKercher & du Cros, 2002) in response to concerns about community stakeholders involvement in tourism planning and development. For the most part, this research has been grounded in conflict theory, goal incompatibility and value clash. Jacob and Schreyer (1980) describe conflict as goal interference attributed to another’s behavior, with goals being defined as any preferred social, psychological or physical outcome of a behavior that provides incentive for that

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