Relationship Between White And White Populations

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As the three largest cities in the United States, New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago are also epicenters of precipitous segregation. Even with the passage of federal law to curtail segregation and promote more integrated communities, conditions have only improved minimally – if at all – between 1980 and 2000. In New York, the indices of dissimilarity between different races have remained constant over this time period. Between white and black populations, for example, the index of dissimilarity only ranges between 82.8 and 83.5. This signifies very minute and insignificant changes within a 20-year period, and such changes even indicate worsening conditions. Similarly, when using this index to examine the relationship between whites and Hispanics, segregation has increased by three percentage points between 1980 and 2000. Therefore, New York is an urban center that has seen relatively unchanged racial segregation, and any changes mainly reveal exacerbated conditions. Los Angeles, on the other hand, seems to show greater changes in dissimilarity among different races. When considering segregation between black and white populations, the index of dissimilarity decreased from 85 in 1980 to 71.5 in 2000. This is significantly greater than the fractional change observed in New York City. Likewise, dissimilarity between whites and Asians has decreased from 51.7 to 44.9. Yet, Los Angeles shares one similar trend with New York. From 1980 to 2000, the index of segregation between
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